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Aug 12, 2018

Pope Francis pleaded the scientific community to halt operations on the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in an official Vatican release as scientists at the Large Hadron Collider next week are hoping to experiment with a possible connection with a parallel universe outside of our own.

The Pope’s criticism comes days after scientists at the CERN centre in Geneva, Switzerland, revealed this week plans to fire up the LHC ‘atom smasher’ to its highest energy levels ever in a bid to detect – or even create – miniature black holes and possibly “create an opening in the space-time fabric”.
Another skeptic of the project is none other than respected physicist Stephen Hawking who has recently warned the end of the world could be sparked by the elusive ‘God particle’.
Pope Francis warned the scientific community of “testing God’s limits” after the announcement of the reopening of the LHC, which has been undergoing massive repairs and been shut down for the past two years
The Pope appeared visibly distraught as he addressed the crowd of tens of thousands of followers present at St-Peter’s square for the occasion for one of his longest speeches to date.
“My fellow Christians, we are living in desperate times,” he told the crowd.
“Science is about to test the limits of God and his creation. God has created boundaries between the world of the living and the world of the dead. Are these scientists about to unleash upon us the Gates of Hell?” he asked his followers, visibly shaken.
“Are these the days of darkness spoken of in the Bible? Are the hordes of demons lurking in the fiery pits of Hell about to be thrust upon the world? These are questions we must ponder before allowing scientists to proceed to such experiments” he concluded.
Last October, over 400 top physicists signed a petition warning that the Higgs potential might become unstable at energies above 100bn giga-electron-volts (GeV) and asking governments to keep experiments under these levels.

This is how CERN’s Large Hadron Collider looks during the 2019 shutdown

29 Apr 2019 Matin Durrani

Into the future: the Large Hadron Collider is currently shut down in the first phase of an upgrade to the High-Luminosity LHC. (Courtesy: Matin Durrani)
When Physics World was invited by the UK’s Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) to visit CERN and meet a bunch of physicists working on the world’s biggest physics experiment, it’s hard to think of a good reason to say “no”.
And so last week I flew to Geneva to join a group of other UK science journalists on a two-day tour of CERN, having a nosey round the LHC and two of its experiments – LHCb and the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) – and learning about CERN’s plans for the future.
Descending 100 m underground in an industrial lift, first stop was the LHC itself, which is normally out of bounds but is currently in the midst of a two-year shutdown as CERN begins work on an upgrade to the LHC called the High-Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC).
What a job!: Paul Collier is the marvellously titled head of beams at CERN. (Courtesy: Matin Durrani)
There to greet us was Paul Collier, CERN’s marvellously titled “head of beams” (who I have just realized is one “D” short of the best-ever example of nominative determinism – Collier/Collider). He explained how the LHC is tilted at angle of 1.4° to the horizontal to keep the accelerator level with respect to the surface overground.
Collier was there on the fateful day in 2008 when, just after the LHC fired up, two superconducting contacts in one of the LHC’s magnets separated, creating an arc of current that damaged the machine and led to a massive repair programme that took almost a year to complete.
Of course, the LHC isn’t there just to accelerate protons, the idea is to collide them too. And so it was back overground to the control room of the LHCb experiment, where it was reassuring to see an emergency panel with a big, red “stop” button.
Don’t stop me now: the control panel inside the LHCb control room. (Courtesy: Matin Durrani)
Much of the focus at CERN has been the two “general-purpose” experiments — ATLAS and the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS), which together found the Higgs boson in 2012. But one could argue that there’s been more interesting work from the LHCb, which has only this year reported further evidence for pentaquarks and for symmetry violation in charm mesons for the first time – a finding that could help explain why there’s so much more matter than antimatter in the universe. Giving us the lowdown on the LHCb was Silvia Gambetta (University of Edinburgh), Mark Williams and Chris Parkes (both University of Manchester).
The people who antimatter: Silvia Gambetta (left), Mark Williams (centre) and Chris Parkes from the LHCb experiment. (Courtesy: Matin Durrani)Time for reflection: LHCb cavern at CERN during the 2019 shutdown. (Courtesy: Matin Durrani)
As I stared at the wiring on the LHCb, it’s mind-boggling how any of it actually works. One stray cable and surely the whole thing will conk out?
Wired up: the LHCb detector close-up reveals how this really is just a giant physics experiment. (Courtesy: Matin Durrani)
Most of the current shutdown is focused on preparatory civil-engineering works for the HL-LHC, but CERN staff are using the two-year break to carry out vital maintenance on the accelerator and experiments before the LHC switches back in 2021 for a final three-year run. After all, when the LHC’s in use, it’s on for two or three years at a time – and you can’t nip down and carry out running repairs. Or as physicist Dave Barney from CMS put it: “It’s like having an experiment on the Moon – you can’t modify it when you want.”
Practical focus: Dave Barney is building a “high-granularity” calorimeter for the endcaps of the CMS detector. (Courtesy: Matin Durrani)
Barney is responsible for validating prototype modules for a new calorimeter for the “end-caps” on the CMS experiment. The current calorimeter has several parts, including one that contains 80,000 lead-tungstate crystals, which are super-dense and therefore great at measuring the energy of particles that fly off from collisions. Trouble is, they go dark and won’t stand the rigours of the HL-LHC.
This is especially true of the endcaps, where the 14,000 crystals will have to be replaced with something else. Barney and colleagues are therefore developing a new “high-granularity” calorimeter that will include about 30,000 honeycomb-shaped silicon modules, each divided into about 200 smaller hexagons – a total of about six million detectors!
This is the future: 30,000 of these detector elements, which consist of copper/tungsten, silicon and circuit-board layers, will be needed for the CMS experiment as part of the High-Luminosity LHC. (Courtesy: Matin Durrani)
Barney was talking to us about the end-caps as if they’re part of just another physics experiment. Which I suppose they are – that is, until you go 100 m back underground to see CMS and you realize just how big it is and why “compact” is the strangest choice of word for the CMS. The end-caps are the big lumpy object to the right of the scaffolding.
Sunken treasure: the CMS experiment during the 2019 shutdown. (Courtesy: Matin Durrani)Heart of the matter: the “end-cap” on the CMS experiment. (Courtesy: Matin Durrani)
For all the talk of HL-LHC, or “High-Lumi” as I often heard it called for short, there are already plans for the next collider after the LHC. Depending on who you talk to, CERN will, over the next 12 months, fall in line either behind the Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) or the 100 km Future Circular Collider (FCC).
The FCC, if built, would be about as long as the giant £15bn Crossrail railway tunnel across central London. Except that it would contain an accelerator with thousands of magnets, using technology that’s been pushed to the limits, searching for physics we don’t yet know anything about, and involving thousands of scientists and engineers from across the globe – many of whom have perhaps not yet even been born. If it happens, the FCC will, like CERN itself, be an incredible human feat.
• You can find out more from my visit by listening to this Physics World Weekly podcast, which features Rhodri Jones (head of beam instrumentation), Chris Parkes (LHCb), Ben Krikler (CMS) and Sarah Williams(ATLAS).
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Aug 12, 2018
CERN wants to build the biggest, baddest particle collider ever
Larger than life

Artist’s illustration of Future Circular Collider tunnel.
Today, the research center that brought us Nobel Prize-winning news of incomprehensibly tiny particles announced its plans to get a whole lot bigger.

The European Organization for Nuclear Research, CERN, already has the largest, most powerful particle accelerator in the world, called the Large Hadron Collider, but today it published a report that looks into the design of its larger, and more powerful potential successor, the Future Circular Collider.
The Large Hadron Collider is what was used to discover the subatomic particle called the Higgs boson back in 2012, and had been host to many other new discoveries. But to study even more elusive aspects of the universe, some physicists think that a newer, bigger tool is needed.
An illustration showing the size comparison of the LHC and FCC.

The Large Hadron Collider is 16.6 miles around, but its replacement could have a circumference of over 62 miles. That’s large enough to surround the entire city of Geneva.
Particle accelerators need that size to get tiny bits of atoms up to speeds that approach the speed of light before they are slammed together. The resulting collisions give researchers a better understanding of the laws of physics. The Future Circular Collider, with its more powerful machinery and longer tunnel, will be able to observe particles that remain invisible to current technology.

The Large Hadron Collider is expected to be in operation until at least 2035. But the scale of building its successor is so massive that planning started early. The Large Hadron Collider concept was introduced in 1984, approved in 1994, and didn’t open until 2009. From the start of its implementation to its last experiment, the Future Circular Collider’s timeline is expected to stretch over seven decades.
The report issued today is the conceptual design for the Future Circular Collider, a four-volume work that took 1,300 scientists five years to write. It lays out several potential designs for the future collider that particle physicists will consider as they set goals for their field of research over the next few years.
The LHC has already given researchers a lot to work with, but it has also left them with mysteries. There is a planned upgrade to the LHC in the works, but the researchers would still like to get a better understanding of antimatter, understand more about the nature of dark matter and where it can be found, and figure out why the Higgs boson was so much lighter than they thought it would be. Those are only questions that can be answered with a bigger machine.
The design for the Future Collision Collider lays out a few different potential aspects of the facility. There’s the huge tunnel, which will let the thin beams of particles travel without having to navigate curves that are quite as tight (relatively) as the LHC’s. Then there’s a collider called a lepton collider which would, well, smash particles called leptons together. It could potentially give researchers more accurate measurements of the Higgs and other particles that scientists are just starting to understand. There’s also another larger hadron collider that would be able to smash particles together at even higher energies.

According to a CERN release, the tunnel would cost about 5 billion Euros to build, plus another 4 billion for the initial lepton collider that could get going in 2040, and an additional 15 billion for the hadron collider that would replace the first collider and be operational sometime around 2050. Scientists took the same approach with the LHC, replacing CERN’s Large Electron–Positron collider inside the same tunnel.
Those are large amounts of money, and as Pallab Ghosh at the BBC reports, there are other researchers who would prefer to see that money be invested in medical advances, or combating climate change. Money for CERN and its projects comes from its 22 Member States and other countries and institutions that use the facilities.
The designers of the project are aware of the astronomical sums. In a statement issued today, the International Advisory Committee for the Future Circular Collider recommended that future developments be focused on “timelines, performance, and cost.”

Many physicists, whose work relies on these large tools, think the investment of time and money is worth it, and point to the Future Circular Collider as a way of expanding humanity’s understanding of our universe.
The head of CERN, Fabiola Gianotti, said that the proposed designs for the Future Circular Collider had the potential to “improve our knowledge of fundamental physics and to advance many technologies with a broad impact on society.”
In a video produced by CERN (see above) Nobel Prize winner Peter Higgs (yep, thatHiggs) says, “We’ve scratched the surface, but we have clearly much more to discover.”
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Crushed by Thanos
Dec 7, 2008
if you ever get the chance, go to a catholic church and steal all their gold

since our premiere scientists are opening a portal of hell, these losers don't need any of their stuff

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Crushed by Thanos
Dec 7, 2008
i used to think this pope was a cool guy, that was a mistake i will never make again

'testing the limits of god'

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Jan 14, 2013
“Are these the days of darkness spoken of in the Bible? Are the hordes of demons lurking in the fiery pits of Hell about to be thrust upon the world? These are questions we must ponder before allowing scientists to proceed to such experiments.”
LOL. Yeah, no, gramps. We really don't.
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Jun 27, 2019
Pope calm down there buddy it’s called the Large HADRON Collider, not Large Hard-on Collider.

Besides we ALL know what you & your people have been covering up in the Vatican for centuries.
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EightBit Man

Jun 13, 2019
The Netherlands
Both religion and science have been detrimental to human existence and nature, and I think the latter is getting waaay out of hand. This tampering with nature isn't sane. Just because things can be done doesn't mean they should be done. But hey, we live in such a nihilistic, "progressive" post-modern age, like who cares eh? Also, hell on earth? Christianity is responsible for alienating people from nature and their existence - the universe. These popes are criminals. This man needs to shut up with his L.U.C.I.F.E.R. fucking telescope.

Like Nietzsche said: "The Christian resolution to find the world ugly and bad has made the world ugly and bad."
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Gold Member
Aug 15, 2018
I'm pretty dang sure this is a fake and sensationalist article. I would be very surprised if the Pope thought that the Large Hadron Collider and the scientific process is evil and will somehow create a portal to hell.

Please don't spread misinformation.
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Gold Member
Mar 23, 2018


Oct 1, 2018
Surely this has to be an elaborate joke right? I mean I can't believe anyone alive today could actually believe that. It's too mind boggling to comprehend someone thinking hell will open up.


Jun 29, 2019
What’s with all this dumb shitty black text... you do know is basically unreadable for people using the dark theme don’t you?
Black text is nearly impossible for Dark Theme users to read OP.
Feels good to know im not the only one suffering with eyes problems, selfish but feels good.
The devils greatest trick was making people believe Heaven was good.
You play too much GOW buddy.


Dec 7, 2018
Why's it got to be hell. lol

WHAT IF bodacious, voluptuous , tall , blue alien women walk through. It doesn't have to always be doom an gloom.
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