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Final 3DO (actually Matsushita) M2 control pad

Apr 20, 2011
credit and thanks to bitrate over on the 3DO Zero forums for this:

'"Well guys, after 10 years of searching I was beginning to think none of the few final M2 pads that were built had survived the gaming and electronics shows of 1995-1996.

As noted in another thread, one finally surfaced, along with some other really nice M2 items.

Even more surprising is the fact that it is a fully functional pad. I had been told years ago by a Panasonic employee that the final pads were mock-ups, so it was even more of a surprise to find a pad like this.

Most of us have seen the few pictures in gaming magazines of the time showing this pad alongside the console.

The pad has an analog steering wheel, analog joystick, D-pad, 7 face buttons, 2 shoulder buttons, and a trigger button on the back."



Dec 5, 2008
Wow. That's insane. I wonder how racing games would be if the M2 actually came out and was successful? Analog wheels standard on controllers?
Sep 11, 2011
Live you where?
Great for racing games, certainly, but it looks like an oddly-shaped N64 controller variant. So, at this point, it's all about whether the analog stick is crappy or not! Shame about the M2, but no surprises here.
Aug 6, 2006
That's pretty cool, I'd always heard that none of the final analog controllers survived, only prototype ones. If whoever has that actually uses it, I'm sure it would help, for IMSA Racing anyway (one of the only games playable on M2 systems, which of course were not released as game consoles).

Did this come before or after the N64 controller? lol

After. Like the Nuon (well, the analog Nuon controller anyway), 3DO decided to copy the N64 controller after it was shown... and why not, it was an innovative design and works well. You'd expect copies.

Wow. That's insane. I wonder how racing games would be if the M2 actually came out and was successful? Analog wheels standard on controllers?
Good question. I would think that that wheel would help with the genre, yeah.

Danny Dudekisser

I paid good money for this Dynex!
Oct 13, 2008
Because you actually held one of these and tested it with some software.

I'm not saying this is better but it has several more things going for it than the standard N64 pad.

Are we really getting into some system wars shit over a console that was cancelled in the mid 90s?
Apr 20, 2011
MX (M2's successor) actually ended up significantly influencing the design of GC hardware.

Yes indeed. check out this story:

Although experts acknowledge that the video games business is surprisingly
incestuous by even Jerry Springer’s standards, recent developments taking place
within two of Seattle’s biggest corporations have made that fact clear for the
whole world to see. Next Generation Online exclusively reports on how Nintendo
and Microsoft wound up eyeing the same company’s chipset for the year 2000’s
biggest game console.

Few in the video game industry are aware of a rift that formed between Nintendo
and partner Silicon Graphics, Inc. just as their jointly-developed 64-bit game
console rolled off production lines. Already beginning to feel financial
strains due to changing market conditions for their high-end graphics
workstations, Silicon Graphics found itself arguing over component profits with
notoriously tight-fisted Nintendo as the system’s American launch MSRP
was lowered at the last minute before release. Although the companies
maintained their working relationship, the decidedly traditional and hard-
lined management at Nintendo had taken offense, and no longer considered SGI a
lock for development of Nintendo’s post-N64 game console.

Then several important events took place during 1997 inside of Nintendo, SGI
and one of their former competitors. Weak Japanese sales of the N64 and its
software lowered the company’s confidence in the N64 platform, and American
sales were projected to fall off as key internal software titles were
continuing to miss release targets by entire seasons. Demonstrably strong sales
of PlayStation games in the inexpensive CD format had weakened the appeal
of Nintendo’s third-party development contracts, and Nintendo started to
believe that it was in the company’s immediate interest to prepare a new
console for release as soon as Fall of 1999. At the same time, a number of
Silicon Graphics key Nintendo 64 engineers left the company to form the new
firm ArtX, with the express intention to win a development contract for
Nintendo’s next hardware by offering Nintendo the same talent pool sans SGI’s
manufacturing and management teams.

As it turns out, most of the industry’s top 3D chip experts have been lured
away from smaller firms by accelerator developers NVidia, 3Dfx and NEC, so
Nintendo’s pool of potential partners was already shrinking when it began to
shop around for a new console design team. Enter CagEnt, a division of consumer
electronics manufacturer Samsung, and here’s where the confusion begins: CagEnt
was formerly owned by 3DO, where it operated under the name 3DO
Systems and developed the M2 technology that was sold to Panasonic for $100
Million some time ago. When 3DO decided to exit the hardware business, it sold
off the 3DO Systems division to Samsung, which named it CagEnt and gave it
roughly two years to turn a profit. CagEnt owned three key technologies: a DVD
playback system, a realtime MPEG encoding system called MPEG Xpress, and a
completed game console with a brand new set of console-ready chip
designs called the MX. Adrian Sfarti, who had formerly developed the graphics
architecture design for SGI’s Indy workstation, was the head of the MX project.

The MX chipset was a dramatically enhanced version of the M2 chipset sold to
Panasonic and Matsushita, now capable of a 100 million pixel per second
fillrate and utilizing two PowerPC 602 chips at its core. (CagEnt’s executives
also boasted of a four million triangle per second peak draw rate, though the
quality of those tiny triangles would of course have been limited). Nintendo
executives Howard Lincoln and Genyo Takeda were among a group of
visiting dignitaries to tour CagEnt’s facilities, culminating in late 1997 or
early 1998 with a formal offer from Nintendo to acquire CagEnt outright. At
this point, Nintendo had terminated its development contract with SGI (see
SGI/MIPS Loses Nintendo Business).

As purchase negotiations continued, Nintendo worked with CagEnt engineers on
preliminary plans to redesign the MX architecture around a MIPS CPU, as
Nintendo’s manufacturing partner NEC has a MIPS development license but none to
produce the PowerPC 602. Nintendo and CagEnt flip-flopped on whether the
finished machine would include a built-in CD-ROM or DVD-ROM as its primary
storage medium, with Nintendo apparently continuing to insist that ROM
cartridges would remain at the core of its new game system. Yet as DVD and MPEG
technologies would have been part of the CagEnt acquisition, Nintendo would
probably have found some reasonable use for those patents eventually. The
MX-based machine was to be ready for sale in Japan in fall 1999 -- in other
words, development of games for the new console would begin within literally
months, starting with the shipment of dev kits to key teams at Rare and
Nintendo’s Japanese headquarters.

Although the asking price for CagEnt was extremely low by industry standards,
talks unexpectedly broke off in early 1998 when Samsung and Nintendo apparently
disagreed on final terms of CagEnt’s ownership, leaving Samsung’s management

desperate for a suitor to buy the company. CagEnt aggressively shopped itself
around to other major industry players. SGI’s MIPS division, reeling from the
loss of its N64 engineers to ArtX, allegedly considered
acquiring CagEnt as a means to offer Nintendo the technology it had already
decided it liked. Sega, 3Dfx and other companies toured CagEnt’s facilities and
finally CagEnt found a suitor.

In early April, Microsoft’s WebTV division ultimately acquired all of the
assets of CagEnt and hired on most of its key personnel. WebTV and Microsoft
apparently intend to use the MX technology at the core of their next WebTV
device, which as might be guessed from the graphics technology, will no longer
be limited to simple web browsing and E-mailing functionality. The next
generation WebTV box will be Microsoft’s low-cost entry into the world of
game consoles, melding the functionality of a low-end computer with a
television set-top box and game-playing abilities. Having worked with Sega
behind the scenes since 1993 or 1994, Microsoft has been quietly gathering the
knowledge it needs to market and develop games for such a device, and now it
has the hardware that even Nintendo would once have wanted for itself.

As for Nintendo, all signs point to a very unpleasant near future for the
Japanese giant. Lacking internal hardware engineers with the necessary
expertise to develop the next high-end chipset, Nintendo is now all but forced
to either partner with ArtX, or one of the 3D accelerator makers who have been
sucking the industry dry of all its most talented people, or perhaps join with
one of its other major rivals. The latest word has it that ArtX and
Nintendo are in talks to work together, perhaps under circumstances similar to
those under which Nintendo would have acquired CagEnt. Unlike CagEnt, however,
ArtX does not have a finished console or even half-completed chip designs to
sell Nintendo, and it would be unlikely that Nintendo would be able to scrape
together a reasonable system by Christmas 2000 with ArtX’s present limitations.
Additionally, SGI’s recent series of strategic lawsuits
against Nvidia and ArtX seem to be intended to serve as garlic and crosses to
stave off any Nintendo alliance with its tastiest potential allies: Nintendo
might well fear developing a new console only to find out that its core
technologies or employees are depending upon infringed patents, regardless of
the merits of those patents or the lawsuits.

Meanwhile, the company continues to harbor tremendous concerns for the future
of the Nintendo64 platform, which appears to be sinking deeper and deeper in
Japan by the day. Nintendo’s negotiations with CagEnt shed light upon the
tremendous dependence the Japanese company now has upon Rare, which has been
responsible for a number of the Nintendo 64’s best-looking games and at least
two of the machine’s most popular—Diddy Kong Racing and Goldeneye 007.
As Nintendo’s Japanese development teams have never been known for their
ability to stick to release schedules, the company’s third-party rosters have
remained bare and its management has remained dogmatically fixated upon silicon
chips as its sole means of profit, Nintendo’s problems have set the stage for a
truly interesting set of negotiations come this E3.

To sum up, readers need to understand that decisions and relationships made
early in the design process of a new console can dictate a company’s standing
in the industry for the following five years. Ripple effects from these
decisions can be felt in a company’s bottom line can be felt for even longer.
Nintendo has found itself in the unenviable position of being without an
established partner and with the clock ticking down. If Nintendo should
choose to go with ArtX (assuming it’s able to fight off SGI’s lawsuit), it will
need to complete a chip design is an extremely short period of time. If it
doesn’t go with ArtX, Nintendo will have to find a technology that is already
suited to the console market or one that can readily be changed to suit a
similar purpose. Either way, at this point the chances of Nintendo hitting its
desired 2000 release with a new system are extremely slim.



Jul 20, 2009
Because you actually held one of these and tested it with some software.

I'm not saying this is better but it has several more things going for it than the standard N64 pad.

I would say releasing one and having it as your system's standard controller is the very definition of doing it better. Especially since you're comparing it with not doing it at all outside of this one concept.

And it might be because there's nothing to compare it to, but isn't that really tiny? Being smaller than the N64 controller is by no means a bad thing, but that analogue stick makes no sense if it's like an NES size small pad with that thing hanging down.


Jun 8, 2004
Love the steering wheel concept. Surprised Namco never tried that idea given all of thier crazy negcon controllers.
Apr 20, 2011
MX was to use an IBM PPC processor and feature embedded RAM in its graphic chip. Is it wrong to draw the conclusion that Nintendo ripped off (or was inspired) by these MX features accounting for their inclusion in GC?

It's not wrong at all. I agree with you. I'm looking for an article or post that talks about exactly what you're talking about, but I don't remember where I saw it.

here's an article from Intelligent Gamer/Fusion magazine about MX as well as (incredibly) MX's successor:

Also mentioned in the article is how two new chipsets are supposedly under development. One is an enhanced M2 codenamed MX and is described as 'M2 on steroids'. BTW it is mentioned that the M is really most likely a common moniker used for version 2 type projects meaning it stands for mark, thus 'Mark 2'. And in MX the X is obviously a variable. MX so far 'offers twice the performance of the M2 chipset...currently intended for PC and arcade use...'. Finally the totally newer chipset is codenamed S42 - S being just another letter like M and 42 being the one calculated as the meaning of life by the computer Deep Thought in the Hithchiker's Guide to the Galaxy. S42 being post 64bit era forecasting that probably is the equivalent of the M2 when the Opera was being made.

MX was either "M2.5" or M3, which makes the so called "S42" the M3 or M4.

About the MX having RAM embedded onto it's graphics chip:

As for MX (see IG's Fusion issue 10), the current concept being tossed around is the idea of actually including the video RAM frame buffer within the actual MX chipset rather than externally -- as transferring data from separate RAM chips to the math processors is one of the most vital time delays in any computer or game console, having the RAM bundled with the fast MX chipset would mean incredible speedups in processing. Developers claim that such an MX chipset could deliver -- believe it or not -- 15-20 million polygon per second performance.

The drawback? The failure rate of such combined chips could be prohibitively high -- between the RAM and the high-intensity math processor, the chips could fail in
production at a rate of 20% or greater depending on how much RAM was included on a chip. Additionally, the heat generated by such a configuration would mandate special cooling measures. Regardless, the premise is food for thought and some additional RAM may well wind up in the final MX design.


Dec 24, 2006
The steering wheel idea seems neat at first glance, but realistically I think it would just be more comfortable to use the analog stick.


Feb 22, 2011
More controllers need to incorporate the third handle design. It's the only was to have both the dpad and stick in the primary position.


Sep 3, 2009
More controllers need to incorporate the third handle design. It's the only was to have both the dpad and stick in the primary position.

It's not really friendly to having a 2nd stick or using specific controls on the dpad though (like in Rogue Leader for the Cube).


May 21, 2011
Wow. I'd like to hear the story of where that thing has been all these years. Amazing it survived.
Apr 20, 2011
I've always loved this description of M2 Power Crystal (the so called Zelda 64 killer):

One exceptional title under development off site is what is being described by IG sources as the first-ever virtual reality RPG, Power Crystal. According to those who have witnessed the game in motion, the early version of the graphics engine is blazingly fast despite its use of beautiful visual effects: You can walk up to the shore line of a river or lake and see glimmering tr anslucent water splashing the shoreline without polygon breakup, and you can then look into the water and see pebbles and sedimentary rocks in the basin. Early versions allow the player to fully walk around and explore a village.

Apr 20, 2011
I remember when they showed how they killed Mario at E3 and showed his bloody hat at the big screen. Good old times...

I believe you're thinking of the VM Labs Project X (NUON).

Anyone else remember when VM Labs had an image of Mario's crushed hat on their website underneath their logo? This was back when the system was only known as "Project X."


sadly, I cannot find a picture of it....